A map shows the distribution of Buddhism in modern Asia.
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  1. Describe the Spread of Major Religious and Philosophical Traditions Using appropriate reading skills to interpret social studies information, write a paragraph describing the spread of Confucianism and other religions in the region. Consider such factors as man-made borders, geographical borders, and national cultures. What does the map reveal about the spread of Buddhism?
  2. Identify the Diffusion of Major Ideas in Technology Write a paragraph identifying the diffusion of major ideas in technology in classical India, including the Maurya and Gupta empires. Consider the effects of trade, migration and conquest, and geography on the spread of technology. How was the diffusion of major ideas similar or different between the two empires?
  3. Describe the Development of Major World Religions Summarize the fundamental ideas of Eastern civilizations that originated in India. Write a paragraph that describes and summarizes the development and philosophical traditions of Buddhism. Consider the religion's founder, his background, and the Four Noble Truths that lie at the heart of Buddhism. How can the origin and major ideas of Buddhism best be explained?
  4. Summarize Institutions Write a paragraph summarizing the major institutions of Eastern civilization that have their roots in India. Describe two or more examples of Eastern institutions and consider the country's major religions, the relationship between religion and politics, and the introduction of technology.
  5. Identify Causes and Effects of the Development of the Gupta Civilization Write a paragraph describing how the ideas expressed in the quote below characterized the general prosperity of India's classical Gupta civilization. Consider the centralization and distribution of political power during the period, the state of the economy, and the cultural achievements of the Gupta civilization.

    “The people are numerous and happy; … only those who cultivate the royal land have to pay [a portion of] the grain from it. … The king governs without … corporal punishments. Criminals are simply fined, lightly or heavily, according to the circumstances [of each case].”

    —Faxian, A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms


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Table of Contents

World History Topic 1 Origins of Civilization (Prehistory–300 B.C.) Topic 2 The Ancient Middle East and Egypt (3200 B.C.–500 B.C.) Topic 3 Ancient India and China (2600 B.C.–A.D. 550) Topic 4 The Americas (Prehistory–A.D. 1570) Topic 5 Ancient Greece (1750 B.C.–133 B.C.) Topic 6 Ancient Rome and the Origins of Christianity (509 B.C.-A.D. 476) Topic 7 Medieval Christian Europe (330–1450) Topic 8 The Muslim World and Africa (730 B.C.-A.D. 1500) Topic 9 Civilizations of Asia (500–1650) Topic 10 The Renaissance and Reformation (1300–1650) Topic 11 New Global Connections (1415–1796) Topic 12 Absolutism and Revolution Topic 13 The Industrial Revolution Topic 14 Nationalism and the Spread of Democracy (1790–1914) Topic 15 The Age of Imperialism (1800–1914) Topic 16 World War I and the Russian Revolution (1914–1924) Topic 17 The World Between the Wars (1910–1939) Topic 18 World War II (1930–1945) Topic 19 The Cold War Era (1945–1991) Topic 20 New Nations Emerge (1945–Present) Topic 21 The World Today (1980-Present) United States Constitution Primary Sources 21st Century Skills Atlas Glossary Index Acknowledgments