A map shows European colonies in Africa after World War 1.
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  1. Identify Major Causes Write a paragraph identifying how World War I impacted the rise of fascism in Italy. Include the broken promises from the Allies; characteristics of an authoritarian government; extreme nationalism; and emphasis on supremacy of the state.
  2. Identify and Describe Write a paragraph about totalitarianism in Italy under Mussolini. Consider how conditions in Italy after World War I fueled some of Mussolini's actions. How did Italy's fascists promote its values, and why did they especially target the youth?
  3. Identify Examples Write a paragraph about Stalin's use of the Gulags to suppress critics in the Soviet Union. Consider the approximate number of deaths in the Gulags, the Great Purge and campaign against the Kulaks (wealthy farmers), and religious persecution.
  4. Identify Major Causes Write a paragraph identifying independence movements in Africa caused by colonial exploitation. On the above map, describe the extent of African colonialism and which two nations dominated by the 1900s. What was the status of those two nations in Europe? How were Africans exploited?
  5. Explain the Roles Write a paragraph about how President Franklin Roosevelt helped the nation during the Great Depression. Consider his philosophy of government's role and give examples of his policies that returned the nation to economic and social stability.
  6. Explain the Roles and Identify Write a paragraph explaining how Adolf Hitler used his extremist views to become Germany's dictator. Consider his establishment of a totalitarian state and what happened to civil rights and the opposition. What did Hitler's book, Mein Kampf, reveal about his anti-Semitic and other extreme views?

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Table of Contents

World History Topic 1 Origins of Civilization (Prehistory–300 B.C.) Topic 2 The Ancient Middle East and Egypt (3200 B.C.–500 B.C.) Topic 3 Ancient India and China (2600 B.C.–A.D. 550) Topic 4 The Americas (Prehistory–A.D. 1570) Topic 5 Ancient Greece (1750 B.C.–133 B.C.) Topic 6 Ancient Rome and the Origins of Christianity (509 B.C.-A.D. 476) Topic 7 Medieval Christian Europe (330–1450) Topic 8 The Muslim World and Africa (730 B.C.-A.D. 1500) Topic 9 Civilizations of Asia (500–1650) Topic 10 The Renaissance and Reformation (1300–1650) Topic 11 New Global Connections (1415–1796) Topic 12 Absolutism and Revolution Topic 13 The Industrial Revolution Topic 14 Nationalism and the Spread of Democracy (1790–1914) Topic 15 The Age of Imperialism (1800–1914) Topic 16 World War I and the Russian Revolution (1914–1924) Topic 17 The World Between the Wars (1910–1939) Topic 18 World War II (1930–1945) Topic 19 The Cold War Era (1945–1991) Topic 20 New Nations Emerge (1945–Present) Topic 21 The World Today (1980-Present) United States Constitution Primary Sources 21st Century Skills Atlas Glossary Index Acknowledgments