Enduring Understandings

  • Economic and political inequalities led to the Mexican Revolution.
  • Examples of resistance to imperialism included Pan-Africanism, Pan-Arabism, and Gandhi's civil disobedience campaign in India.
  • In China, the nationalists under Jiang Jieshi and the communists under Mao Zedong competed for power.
  • Postwar disillusion and new mass media reshaped western culture.
  • A global economic depression caused widespread misery and threatened the stability of democratic governments.
  • Authoritarian and totalitarian states such as Japan, the Soviet Union, Italy, and Germany placed loyalty to the state above individual rights.
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Watch the My Story Video

to explore the efforts of Mohandas Gandhi to win independence for India.

End ofPage 677

Table of Contents

World History Topic 1 Origins of Civilization (Prehistory–300 B.C.) Topic 2 The Ancient Middle East and Egypt (3200 B.C.–500 B.C.) Topic 3 Ancient India and China (2600 B.C.–A.D. 550) Topic 4 The Americas (Prehistory–A.D. 1570) Topic 5 Ancient Greece (1750 B.C.–133 B.C.) Topic 6 Ancient Rome and the Origins of Christianity (509 B.C.-A.D. 476) Topic 7 Medieval Christian Europe (330–1450) Topic 8 The Muslim World and Africa (730 B.C.-A.D. 1500) Topic 9 Civilizations of Asia (500–1650) Topic 10 The Renaissance and Reformation (1300–1650) Topic 11 New Global Connections (1415–1796) Topic 12 Absolutism and Revolution Topic 13 The Industrial Revolution Topic 14 Nationalism and the Spread of Democracy (1790–1914) Topic 15 The Age of Imperialism (1800–1914) Topic 16 World War I and the Russian Revolution (1914–1924) Topic 17 The World Between the Wars (1910–1939) Topic 18 World War II (1930–1945) Topic 19 The Cold War Era (1945–1991) Topic 20 New Nations Emerge (1945–Present) Topic 21 The World Today (1980-Present) United States Constitution Primary Sources 21st Century Skills Atlas Glossary Index Acknowledgments