A map shows European alliances, circa 1914.
Image Long Description

  1. Identify Importance and Locate Places and Regions Write a paragraph identifying the reasons for the alliance system that helped cause World War I, and locate the major allies on the map. Describe a feature of the physical location of the Allied nations and the Central Powers. What geographic advantage did the Central Powers gain when Bulgaria and the Ottoman empire joined them?
  2. Explain Significance Write a paragraph explaining the importance of the League of Nations. Consider its origins after World War I, its weaknesses, and its historical significance. What decision did the United States make regarding membership?
  3. Identify Examples Write a paragraph identifying and describing the mass murders in Armenia during the war years. Consider the status of ethnic Armenians and where they lived, the role of Turkish Armenians during the Russian advance in 1914, and Ottoman actions against the Armenians.
  4. Identify Causes Write a paragraph identifying the causes of the revolutions of 1917 in Russia and their effect on World War I. Consider the economic and social conditions and problems under Tsar Nicholas. What was the impact of the October 1917 revolution on Russia's allies in the war?
  5. Identify the Establishment Write a paragraph about how the establishment of the Bolsheviks affected the Russian people. Consider the Russian economy prior to 1922; the constitution and legislature under the USSR in 1922; and the power of the Communist Party.
  6. Identify Characteristics Write a paragraph identifying the characteristics of socialism as practiced in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) under the New Economic Policy (NEP) in the 1920s. Consider the extent of state control over businesses, status of peasants and their surplus crops, and economic recovery.
  7. Identify Examples Write a paragraph about Lenin and how he was successful in adapting Marxism to Russian conditions. What ideas influenced his early life, and what was the political and economic situation in Russia that allowed Lenin and the Bolsheviks to achieve their goal?
  8. Identify Origins, Characteristics, and Influences Write a paragraph identifying the origins and characteristics of communism and the influences of Karl Marx in Russia as adapted by Lenin. Consider the ideas of Karl Marx, the peasant working class in Russia, the elite group of socialists called the Bolsheviks, and hopes for revolutionary change.
  9. Write about the Essential Question Write an essay on the Essential Question: When is war justified? Use evidence from your study of this Topic to support your answer.

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Table of Contents

World History Topic 1 Origins of Civilization (Prehistory–300 B.C.) Topic 2 The Ancient Middle East and Egypt (3200 B.C.–500 B.C.) Topic 3 Ancient India and China (2600 B.C.–A.D. 550) Topic 4 The Americas (Prehistory–A.D. 1570) Topic 5 Ancient Greece (1750 B.C.–133 B.C.) Topic 6 Ancient Rome and the Origins of Christianity (509 B.C.-A.D. 476) Topic 7 Medieval Christian Europe (330–1450) Topic 8 The Muslim World and Africa (730 B.C.-A.D. 1500) Topic 9 Civilizations of Asia (500–1650) Topic 10 The Renaissance and Reformation (1300–1650) Topic 11 New Global Connections (1415–1796) Topic 12 Absolutism and Revolution Topic 13 The Industrial Revolution Topic 14 Nationalism and the Spread of Democracy (1790–1914) Topic 15 The Age of Imperialism (1800–1914) Topic 16 World War I and the Russian Revolution (1914–1924) Topic 17 The World Between the Wars (1910–1939) Topic 18 World War II (1930–1945) Topic 19 The Cold War Era (1945–1991) Topic 20 New Nations Emerge (1945–Present) Topic 21 The World Today (1980-Present) United States Constitution Primary Sources 21st Century Skills Atlas Glossary Index Acknowledgments