Enduring Understandings

  • Imperial rivalries, militarism, extreme nationalism, and a system of competing alliances contributed to the outbreak of World War I.
  • Trench warfare and modern military technology led to a long stalemate and high casualty rates.
  • U.S. entry into the war led to an Allied victory.
  • Woodrow Wilson tried to build a lasting peace based on his Fourteen Points, but the Treaty of Versailles punished Germany harshly.
  • In Russia, wartime hardships sparked the March Revolution, forcing the tsar to abdicate.
  • Lenin and the Bolsheviks seized power in the November Revolution and began to build a communist state in Russia.
Video screen shot with play button centered over a zoomed in overlay with words such as gas, quickly, fitting, someone over images of explosions.

Watch the My Story Video

to see World War I through the eyes of an English soldier and poet.

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Table of Contents

World History Topic 1 Origins of Civilization (Prehistory–300 B.C.) Topic 2 The Ancient Middle East and Egypt (3200 B.C.–500 B.C.) Topic 3 Ancient India and China (2600 B.C.–A.D. 550) Topic 4 The Americas (Prehistory–A.D. 1570) Topic 5 Ancient Greece (1750 B.C.–133 B.C.) Topic 6 Ancient Rome and the Origins of Christianity (509 B.C.-A.D. 476) Topic 7 Medieval Christian Europe (330–1450) Topic 8 The Muslim World and Africa (730 B.C.-A.D. 1500) Topic 9 Civilizations of Asia (500–1650) Topic 10 The Renaissance and Reformation (1300–1650) Topic 11 New Global Connections (1415–1796) Topic 12 Absolutism and Revolution Topic 13 The Industrial Revolution Topic 14 Nationalism and the Spread of Democracy (1790–1914) Topic 15 The Age of Imperialism (1800–1914) Topic 16 World War I and the Russian Revolution (1914–1924) Topic 17 The World Between the Wars (1910–1939) Topic 18 World War II (1930–1945) Topic 19 The Cold War Era (1945–1991) Topic 20 New Nations Emerge (1945–Present) Topic 21 The World Today (1980-Present) United States Constitution Primary Sources 21st Century Skills Atlas Glossary Index Acknowledgments