Enduring Understandings

  • The Indus Valley civilization had large, well-planned cities and an organized government.
  • Sacred texts known as the Vedas teach us about Aryan society.
  • Hinduism and Buddhism emerged in ancient India and their ethical and spiritual messages shaped Indian civilization.
  • The Maurya and Gupta empires united much of India; under the Guptas, India enjoyed a golden age of cultural achievement.
  • Confucianism and Daoism are ancient Chinese belief systems that influenced China's culture for centuries.
  • After Shi Huangdi unified China, the Han Golden Age brought advances in science, medicine, technology, and the arts.
Video screenshot with play button centered over the great wall of China.

Watch the My Story Video

to learn more about Shi Huangdi, China's first emperor.

End ofPage 61

Table of Contents

World History Topic 1 Origins of Civilization (Prehistory–300 B.C.) Topic 2 The Ancient Middle East and Egypt (3200 B.C.–500 B.C.) Topic 3 Ancient India and China (2600 B.C.–A.D. 550) Topic 4 The Americas (Prehistory–A.D. 1570) Topic 5 Ancient Greece (1750 B.C.–133 B.C.) Topic 6 Ancient Rome and the Origins of Christianity (509 B.C.-A.D. 476) Topic 7 Medieval Christian Europe (330–1450) Topic 8 The Muslim World and Africa (730 B.C.-A.D. 1500) Topic 9 Civilizations of Asia (500–1650) Topic 10 The Renaissance and Reformation (1300–1650) Topic 11 New Global Connections (1415–1796) Topic 12 Absolutism and Revolution Topic 13 The Industrial Revolution Topic 14 Nationalism and the Spread of Democracy (1790–1914) Topic 15 The Age of Imperialism (1800–1914) Topic 16 World War I and the Russian Revolution (1914–1924) Topic 17 The World Between the Wars (1910–1939) Topic 18 World War II (1930–1945) Topic 19 The Cold War Era (1945–1991) Topic 20 New Nations Emerge (1945–Present) Topic 21 The World Today (1980-Present) United States Constitution Primary Sources 21st Century Skills Atlas Glossary Index Acknowledgments