Enduring Understandings

  • Motives for imperialism included the need for natural resources and new markets, racism, and the desire to spread Christianity.
  • Using superior military technology, European powers divided up most of Africa and Southeast Asia, while India became a British colony.
  • Many people resisted European rule, but Ethiopia and Siam avoided colonization.
  • As Chinese power declined, western nations established spheres of influence in China.
  • Japan responded to outside influences by rapidly modernizing and becoming an imperialist power.
  • Latin American nations faced economic imperialism and the influence of the United States.
Video screenshot with a play button centered over an illustration of a battlefield in a mountainous area.

Watch the My Story Video

to learn how Menelik II helped Ethiopia resist colonization during the Age of Imperialism.


End ofPage 591

Table of Contents

World History Topic 1 Origins of Civilization (Prehistory–300 B.C.) Topic 2 The Ancient Middle East and Egypt (3200 B.C.–500 B.C.) Topic 3 Ancient India and China (2600 B.C.–A.D. 550) Topic 4 The Americas (Prehistory–A.D. 1570) Topic 5 Ancient Greece (1750 B.C.–133 B.C.) Topic 6 Ancient Rome and the Origins of Christianity (509 B.C.-A.D. 476) Topic 7 Medieval Christian Europe (330–1450) Topic 8 The Muslim World and Africa (730 B.C.-A.D. 1500) Topic 9 Civilizations of Asia (500–1650) Topic 10 The Renaissance and Reformation (1300–1650) Topic 11 New Global Connections (1415–1796) Topic 12 Absolutism and Revolution Topic 13 The Industrial Revolution Topic 14 Nationalism and the Spread of Democracy (1790–1914) Topic 15 The Age of Imperialism (1800–1914) Topic 16 World War I and the Russian Revolution (1914–1924) Topic 17 The World Between the Wars (1910–1939) Topic 18 World War II (1930–1945) Topic 19 The Cold War Era (1945–1991) Topic 20 New Nations Emerge (1945–Present) Topic 21 The World Today (1980-Present) United States Constitution Primary Sources 21st Century Skills Atlas Glossary Index Acknowledgments