Explain the Political Philosophies Write a paragraph explaining the political philosophy of John Locke. Consider Locke's views about human nature and the ideal type of government. According to the excerpt below, under what conditions did Locke advocate a revolution? What bias for or against particular forms of government, if any, do you detect in the opening sentence of this excerpt? What reactions might the statements in this excerpt have provoked if read publicly in the American colonies in 1690?
Chapter XIX. Of the Dissolution of Government
“Sect. 219. There is one way more whereby such a government may be dissolved, and that is, when he who has the supreme executive power, neglects and abandons that charge, so that the laws already made can no longer be put in execution. This is demonstratively to reduce all to anarchy, and so effectually to dissolve the government: …
Sect. 220. In these and the like cases, when the government is dissolved, the people are at liberty to provide for themselves, by erecting a new legislative, differing from the other, by the change of persons, or form, or both, as they shall find it most for their safety and good: …”
— The Second Treatise of Civil Government, 1690. By John Locke