Topic 11 Assessment

  1. Identify Major Causes and Effects and Locate Places and Regions Write a paragraph identifying how Spain benefited from its expansion in the Americas. Which Spaniards came to the Americas after the explorers and why? On the map below, locate the areas of the Spanish empire and summarize its scope; how did the areas under viceroys affect local rule? How were Native Americans treated under Spanish rule?

    A map shows Spanish and Portuguese colonies in the Americas, around 1700.
    Image Long Description

  2. Identify Major Causes Write a paragraph identifying how demographic factors in Europe starting in the 1400s contributed to European exploration and expansion. Consider the demand for new goods and spread of Christianity. Which region was the primary motivation of exploration, and why?
  3. Identify and Analyze Major Causes and Explain the Impact Write a paragraph identifying and analyzing Spanish exploration that led to colonizing the Aztec empire. Consider the actions of Spanish explorer Hernán Cortés, the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlán, and the consequences to Native Americans.
  4. Describe Major Effects and Explain the Impact Write a paragraph explaining how the Inca empire was impacted by Spanish exploration and colonization. How did explorer Francisco Pizarro conquer the Incas? How were Native Americans treated? Explain the encomienda system of labor and subsequent slave trade.
  5. Explain New Factors and Principles; Formulate Generalizations Write a paragraph explaining how Europe's global trading links contributed to the success of the Commercial Revolution. Consider bank loans, joint stock companies, bookkeeping methods, and the putting-out system. Also, generalize about how entrepreneurs benefited from the free enterprise system and what risks they took.
  6. Explain the Impact and Describe the Effects Write a paragraph explaining the impact and describing the effects of the Columbian Exchange on the Americas and Europe. Consider the products and contributions exchanged and the effect on the Native Americans and growth of agriculture.
  7. Describe Major Effects Write a paragraph describing the effects of European exploration in Asia and Africa in the 1600s. What was the importance of establishing ports in the East African coastal areas and Cape Town? Which countries had the greatest and least presence in Indian Ocean trade?
  8. Identify Major Causes Write a paragraph identifying the major causes of the Columbian Exchange in the 1500s and 1600s. How did the voyages of Christopher Columbus lead to the Columbian Exchange? What were some of the major items that were exchanged?
  9. Analyze the Influence Write a paragraph analyzing the influence of human geographic factors on trade in the Indian Ocean. Consider the impact of the Dutch East India Company's full sovereign powers, trade with China and in the Spice Islands, and the relationship with local Asian people.
  10. Explain Impact Write a paragraph explaining Ming China's impact on global trade in the 1500s and 1600s. Consider Portuguese attempts to trade with China and the trading post at Macao in southern China. How did the Chinese belief that they were the center of the world, or the “Middle Kingdom,” relate to their opinion of European goods in that era?
  11. Describe Interactions Write a paragraph describing how the British used conflicts between Muslim and Hindu societies in South Asia to gain entry into and dominate most of India by the late 1700s. Consider the location of the Mughal empire, conflicts between Hindus and Muslims, the decline of the Mughal empire, and the role of the British East India Company.
  12. Explain Impact Write a paragraph about the economic impact of Atlantic slave trade on the Americas, including the people and industries who benefited the most. Why did Brazil become the largest destination point for slaves? Before slavery ended, approximately how many slaves came to the Americas?
  13. Identify, Describe, and Analyze Major Causes and Effects Write a paragraph about the French and British expansion in North America from 1450 to 1750. Why did the French and British settle in North America? What industries were profitable for New France and for the British colonies?

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Table of Contents

World History Topic 1 Origins of Civilization (Prehistory–300 B.C.) Topic 2 The Ancient Middle East and Egypt (3200 B.C.–500 B.C.) Topic 3 Ancient India and China (2600 B.C.–A.D. 550) Topic 4 The Americas (Prehistory–A.D. 1570) Topic 5 Ancient Greece (1750 B.C.–133 B.C.) Topic 6 Ancient Rome and the Origins of Christianity (509 B.C.-A.D. 476) Topic 7 Medieval Christian Europe (330–1450) Topic 8 The Muslim World and Africa (730 B.C.-A.D. 1500) Topic 9 Civilizations of Asia (500–1650) Topic 10 The Renaissance and Reformation (1300–1650) Topic 11 New Global Connections (1415–1796) Topic 12 Absolutism and Revolution Topic 13 The Industrial Revolution Topic 14 Nationalism and the Spread of Democracy (1790–1914) Topic 15 The Age of Imperialism (1800–1914) Topic 16 World War I and the Russian Revolution (1914–1924) Topic 17 The World Between the Wars (1910–1939) Topic 18 World War II (1930–1945) Topic 19 The Cold War Era (1945–1991) Topic 20 New Nations Emerge (1945–Present) Topic 21 The World Today (1980-Present) United States Constitution Primary Sources 21st Century Skills Atlas Glossary Index Acknowledgments