Enduring Understandings

  • During the Renaissance, Europeans sought to profit from trade with Asian lands, and new technologies made long ocean trading voyages possible.
  • Desire for wealth led European nations to establish colonies in the Americas. In North America, colonial rivalries led to war.
  • The transatlantic slave trade began as Spain sought labor for its American colonies, and the Middle Passage brought misery to millions of enslaved Africans.
  • The voyages of European explorers eventually led to the growth of capitalism, the adoption of the economic policy of mercantilism, and other economic changes in Europe.
Video screen shot with a play button centered over an illustration of a city near a body of water, with buildings and a tall central temple in a stack pyramid shape. Soldiers carrying spears on foot and on horse crowd the city.

Watch the My Story Video

to learn about the Spanish conquest of Mexico.


End ofPage 383

Table of Contents

World History Topic 1 Origins of Civilization (Prehistory–300 B.C.) Topic 2 The Ancient Middle East and Egypt (3200 B.C.–500 B.C.) Topic 3 Ancient India and China (2600 B.C.–A.D. 550) Topic 4 The Americas (Prehistory–A.D. 1570) Topic 5 Ancient Greece (1750 B.C.–133 B.C.) Topic 6 Ancient Rome and the Origins of Christianity (509 B.C.-A.D. 476) Topic 7 Medieval Christian Europe (330–1450) Topic 8 The Muslim World and Africa (730 B.C.-A.D. 1500) Topic 9 Civilizations of Asia (500–1650) Topic 10 The Renaissance and Reformation (1300–1650) Topic 11 New Global Connections (1415–1796) Topic 12 Absolutism and Revolution Topic 13 The Industrial Revolution Topic 14 Nationalism and the Spread of Democracy (1790–1914) Topic 15 The Age of Imperialism (1800–1914) Topic 16 World War I and the Russian Revolution (1914–1924) Topic 17 The World Between the Wars (1910–1939) Topic 18 World War II (1930–1945) Topic 19 The Cold War Era (1945–1991) Topic 20 New Nations Emerge (1945–Present) Topic 21 The World Today (1980-Present) United States Constitution Primary Sources 21st Century Skills Atlas Glossary Index Acknowledgments