1. Describe the Major Effects and Explain Its Impact Write a paragraph describing the worldwide effects of the Scientific Revolution. Use the chart below to briefly describe the scientific method. How were the contributions of Francis Bacon and René Descartes key to this scientific process? After step 7 in the chart, what did scientists usually do to gain credibility?
  2. Describe Major Causes and Effects Write a paragraph describing the dramatic changes in thinking that led to the Scientific Revolution. Consider the focus on the physical universe; the contributions of Copernicus, Brahe, and Kepler; and the use of a new scientific method.
  3. Identify the Contributions Write a paragraph that identifies the contributions of Galileo. Using the excerpt and lesson information, answer the following: Who is condemning Galileo's work? What were Galileo's beliefs that angered people? How serious were the accusations, and what actually occurred after his condemnation?

    “The Sentence of the Inquisition on Galileo.

    “We, the undersigned, by the Grace of God, Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, Inquisitors General throughout the whole Christian Republic, Special Deputies of the Holy Apostolical Chair against heretical depravity,

    “Whereas you, Galileo, son of the late Vincenzo Galilei of Florence, aged seventy years, were denounced in 1615 to this Holy Office, for holding as true a false doctrine taught by many, namely, that the sun is immoveable in the centre of the world, and that the earth moves, and also with a diurnal motion; also, for having pupils whom you instructed in the same opinions; also, for maintaining a correspondence on the same with some German mathematicians; also for publishing certain letters on the solar spots, in which you developed the same doctrine as true; …

    “But whereas being pleased at that time to deal mildly with you, it was decreed in the Holy Congregation, held before His Holiness on the 25th day of February, 1616, that His Eminence the Lord Cardinal Bellarmine should enjoin you to give up altogether the said false doctrine; if you should refuse, that you should be ordered by the Commissary of the Holy Office to relinquish it, not to teach it to others, nor to defend it, nor ever mention it, and in default of acquiescence that you should be imprisoned; …”

  4. Write an essay on the Essential Question: Why is culture important? Use evidence from your study of this Topic to support your answer.

Infographic titled the scientific method, reprinted for assessment section.
Image Long Description

End ofPage 380

Table of Contents

World History Topic 1 Origins of Civilization (Prehistory–300 B.C.) Topic 2 The Ancient Middle East and Egypt (3200 B.C.–500 B.C.) Topic 3 Ancient India and China (2600 B.C.–A.D. 550) Topic 4 The Americas (Prehistory–A.D. 1570) Topic 5 Ancient Greece (1750 B.C.–133 B.C.) Topic 6 Ancient Rome and the Origins of Christianity (509 B.C.-A.D. 476) Topic 7 Medieval Christian Europe (330–1450) Topic 8 The Muslim World and Africa (730 B.C.-A.D. 1500) Topic 9 Civilizations of Asia (500–1650) Topic 10 The Renaissance and Reformation (1300–1650) Topic 11 New Global Connections (1415–1796) Topic 12 Absolutism and Revolution Topic 13 The Industrial Revolution Topic 14 Nationalism and the Spread of Democracy (1790–1914) Topic 15 The Age of Imperialism (1800–1914) Topic 16 World War I and the Russian Revolution (1914–1924) Topic 17 The World Between the Wars (1910–1939) Topic 18 World War II (1930–1945) Topic 19 The Cold War Era (1945–1991) Topic 20 New Nations Emerge (1945–Present) Topic 21 The World Today (1980-Present) United States Constitution Primary Sources 21st Century Skills Atlas Glossary Index Acknowledgments