1. Identify Cause and Effect What effects did the invention of the printing press have on European society?
  2. Draw Conclusions How did the Flemish painters Jan van Eyck and Pieter Bruegel's realistic portrayals of townspeople and peasants reflect common themes in Renaissance art?
  3. Compare Why is the German artist Albrecht Dürer compared to the Italian Renaissance figure Leonardo da Vinci?
  4. Identify Central Ideas What intellectual topics did the Renaissance humanist Sir Thomas More explore?
  5. Analyze Information How does Shakespeare's play about a historical figure like Julius Caesar reflect an important aspect of the Renaissance?
Illustration of men working at a printing press amidst papers and ink, with one man holding up a paper to inspect.

Johannes Gutenberg with the first printing press in 1450s Mainz, Germany

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Table of Contents

World History Topic 1 Origins of Civilization (Prehistory–300 B.C.) Topic 2 The Ancient Middle East and Egypt (3200 B.C.–500 B.C.) Topic 3 Ancient India and China (2600 B.C.–A.D. 550) Topic 4 The Americas (Prehistory–A.D. 1570) Topic 5 Ancient Greece (1750 B.C.–133 B.C.) Topic 6 Ancient Rome and the Origins of Christianity (509 B.C.-A.D. 476) Topic 7 Medieval Christian Europe (330–1450) Topic 8 The Muslim World and Africa (730 B.C.-A.D. 1500) Topic 9 Civilizations of Asia (500–1650) Topic 10 The Renaissance and Reformation (1300–1650) Topic 11 New Global Connections (1415–1796) Topic 12 Absolutism and Revolution Topic 13 The Industrial Revolution Topic 14 Nationalism and the Spread of Democracy (1790–1914) Topic 15 The Age of Imperialism (1800–1914) Topic 16 World War I and the Russian Revolution (1914–1924) Topic 17 The World Between the Wars (1910–1939) Topic 18 World War II (1930–1945) Topic 19 The Cold War Era (1945–1991) Topic 20 New Nations Emerge (1945–Present) Topic 21 The World Today (1980-Present) United States Constitution Primary Sources 21st Century Skills Atlas Glossary Index Acknowledgments