Enduring Understandings

  • The Renaissance, a time of great creativity and cultural changes, marked the transition from medieval times to the modern world.
  • Renaissance thinkers looked to classical learning for a deeper understanding of human life, and Renaissance artists treated both religious and secular subjects in a new realistic style.
  • The Protestant Reformation began when Martin Luther protested against corruption in the Catholic Church.
  • During the Reformation, Protestant ideas spread while Catholic leaders sought to reform the Church.
  • The Scientific Revolution led to dramatic breakthroughs in the study of the physical world.
Video screenshot with a play button centered over a painting of 12 men divided equally on either side of one man, all seated on one side of a long table for a meal. The twelve men are each reacting in a different way to the man seated in the center.

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to learn more about Leonardo da Vinci, a true Renaissance man.


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Table of Contents

World History Topic 1 Origins of Civilization (Prehistory–300 B.C.) Topic 2 The Ancient Middle East and Egypt (3200 B.C.–500 B.C.) Topic 3 Ancient India and China (2600 B.C.–A.D. 550) Topic 4 The Americas (Prehistory–A.D. 1570) Topic 5 Ancient Greece (1750 B.C.–133 B.C.) Topic 6 Ancient Rome and the Origins of Christianity (509 B.C.-A.D. 476) Topic 7 Medieval Christian Europe (330–1450) Topic 8 The Muslim World and Africa (730 B.C.-A.D. 1500) Topic 9 Civilizations of Asia (500–1650) Topic 10 The Renaissance and Reformation (1300–1650) Topic 11 New Global Connections (1415–1796) Topic 12 Absolutism and Revolution Topic 13 The Industrial Revolution Topic 14 Nationalism and the Spread of Democracy (1790–1914) Topic 15 The Age of Imperialism (1800–1914) Topic 16 World War I and the Russian Revolution (1914–1924) Topic 17 The World Between the Wars (1910–1939) Topic 18 World War II (1930–1945) Topic 19 The Cold War Era (1945–1991) Topic 20 New Nations Emerge (1945–Present) Topic 21 The World Today (1980-Present) United States Constitution Primary Sources 21st Century Skills Atlas Glossary Index Acknowledgments