Illustration of soldiers with swords charging, including several riding elephants.

The Trung sisters and other Vietnamese led revolts against China, but without peasant support, supplies, or trained troops, they only briefly freed Vietnam.


  1. Compare What role did religion play in the Pagan kingdom and Khmer empire?
  2. Identify Cause and Effect What key difference separated Vietnam's development from that of other parts of Southeast Asia?
  3. Generate Explanations How did the geography of Srivijaya affect its cultural and religious development?
  4. Summarize What are some ways India influenced the countries of Southeast Asia?
  5. Identify Central Ideas Describe the geography of Southeast Asia and explain how geographic features affected the development of the region.

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Table of Contents

World History Topic 1 Origins of Civilization (Prehistory–300 B.C.) Topic 2 The Ancient Middle East and Egypt (3200 B.C.–500 B.C.) Topic 3 Ancient India and China (2600 B.C.–A.D. 550) Topic 4 The Americas (Prehistory–A.D. 1570) Topic 5 Ancient Greece (1750 B.C.–133 B.C.) Topic 6 Ancient Rome and the Origins of Christianity (509 B.C.-A.D. 476) Topic 7 Medieval Christian Europe (330–1450) Topic 8 The Muslim World and Africa (730 B.C.-A.D. 1500) Topic 9 Civilizations of Asia (500–1650) Topic 10 The Renaissance and Reformation (1300–1650) Topic 11 New Global Connections (1415–1796) Topic 12 Absolutism and Revolution Topic 13 The Industrial Revolution Topic 14 Nationalism and the Spread of Democracy (1790–1914) Topic 15 The Age of Imperialism (1800–1914) Topic 16 World War I and the Russian Revolution (1914–1924) Topic 17 The World Between the Wars (1910–1939) Topic 18 World War II (1930–1945) Topic 19 The Cold War Era (1945–1991) Topic 20 New Nations Emerge (1945–Present) Topic 21 The World Today (1980-Present) United States Constitution Primary Sources 21st Century Skills Atlas Glossary Index Acknowledgments