1. Analyze Examples Write a paragraph analyzing how Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales reflects life in the Middle Ages. Scenes from the Canterbury Tales bring together a group of various classes of society. The merchant, nun, priest, and knight are among those who tell stories during the pilgrimage. What do the stories and characters tell us?
  2. Identify Characteristics Write a paragraph identifying how feudal monarchs began to develop absolute monarchy by expanding royal authority over their nobles and the church. Consider how monarchs centralized power, how they set up government, and the reaction of the townspeople.
  3. Identify Impact Write a paragraph identifying the impact of important concepts contained in the Magna Carta. Consider the rights for nobles and rules affecting the monarchs, due process of law, and habeas corpus. How was taxation affected under King John's rule at the time?
  4. Explain Development Explain how Jewish and Christian traditions helped shape many aspects of life in Western Europe.
  5. Explain Political Philosophies Write a paragraph explaining the political philosophy of Thomas Aquinas. Consider the work Summa Theologica, his writing on the role of governments and natural law, and his influence on Thomas Jefferson.
  6. Describe the Spread of Traditions Write a paragraph describing Church law and authority under Christianity. Consider the importance of the sacraments, excommunication, and how feudal warfare was limited.
  7. Interpret Thematic Maps Using the map below, write a paragraph demonstrating the relationship between Moscow's location and the growth of Russia. Include information on Moscow's location and political gains, land growth, and the effects on Mongol power.
  8. Identify Examples Write a paragraph identifying examples of how Eastern Europe became a refuge for Jews during the late Middle Ages. Include information about attacks on Jewish people by Christians and others in Western Europe, protection in Poland, and Jewish growth in Europe.
  9. Describe Interactions Write a paragraph describing the interactions among Muslims, Christians, and Jews in Europe and Asia following the Crusades. Consider the results of religious hatred, how the world became “bigger,” and Jewish persecution in Europe.

A map shows Europe, Russia, and the Byzantine Empire in 1300.
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Table of Contents

World History Topic 1 Origins of Civilization (Prehistory–300 B.C.) Topic 2 The Ancient Middle East and Egypt (3200 B.C.–500 B.C.) Topic 3 Ancient India and China (2600 B.C.–A.D. 550) Topic 4 The Americas (Prehistory–A.D. 1570) Topic 5 Ancient Greece (1750 B.C.–133 B.C.) Topic 6 Ancient Rome and the Origins of Christianity (509 B.C.-A.D. 476) Topic 7 Medieval Christian Europe (330–1450) Topic 8 The Muslim World and Africa (730 B.C.-A.D. 1500) Topic 9 Civilizations of Asia (500–1650) Topic 10 The Renaissance and Reformation (1300–1650) Topic 11 New Global Connections (1415–1796) Topic 12 Absolutism and Revolution Topic 13 The Industrial Revolution Topic 14 Nationalism and the Spread of Democracy (1790–1914) Topic 15 The Age of Imperialism (1800–1914) Topic 16 World War I and the Russian Revolution (1914–1924) Topic 17 The World Between the Wars (1910–1939) Topic 18 World War II (1930–1945) Topic 19 The Cold War Era (1945–1991) Topic 20 New Nations Emerge (1945–Present) Topic 21 The World Today (1980-Present) United States Constitution Primary Sources 21st Century Skills Atlas Glossary Index Acknowledgments