Enduring Understandings

  • After the decline of Rome, Western Europe entered a period of disorder as invaders swept across the region.
  • Medieval Europe saw the development of a political and economic structure known as feudalism.
  • Improvements in agriculture led to a growing population and the revival of trade and travel.
  • Religion shaped the lives of European Christians, and the Church came to wield considerable power.
  • In the Crusades, Christians battled Muslims for control of the Holy Land in the Middle East.
  • Changing conditions and the growing power of monarchs began to build the framework for the modern nation-state.
Video screenshot with play button centered over a medieval fort with modern visitors.

Watch the My Story Video

to see modern craftspeople build a castle using medieval tools and techniques.

End ofPage 189

Table of Contents

World History Topic 1 Origins of Civilization (Prehistory–300 B.C.) Topic 2 The Ancient Middle East and Egypt (3200 B.C.–500 B.C.) Topic 3 Ancient India and China (2600 B.C.–A.D. 550) Topic 4 The Americas (Prehistory–A.D. 1570) Topic 5 Ancient Greece (1750 B.C.–133 B.C.) Topic 6 Ancient Rome and the Origins of Christianity (509 B.C.-A.D. 476) Topic 7 Medieval Christian Europe (330–1450) Topic 8 The Muslim World and Africa (730 B.C.-A.D. 1500) Topic 9 Civilizations of Asia (500–1650) Topic 10 The Renaissance and Reformation (1300–1650) Topic 11 New Global Connections (1415–1796) Topic 12 Absolutism and Revolution Topic 13 The Industrial Revolution Topic 14 Nationalism and the Spread of Democracy (1790–1914) Topic 15 The Age of Imperialism (1800–1914) Topic 16 World War I and the Russian Revolution (1914–1924) Topic 17 The World Between the Wars (1910–1939) Topic 18 World War II (1930–1945) Topic 19 The Cold War Era (1945–1991) Topic 20 New Nations Emerge (1945–Present) Topic 21 The World Today (1980-Present) United States Constitution Primary Sources 21st Century Skills Atlas Glossary Index Acknowledgments