1. Summarize Fundamental Ideas and Institutitons Write a paragraph that summarizes the fundamental ideas and institutions that originated in Rome and are now a part of Western civilizations. Rome's legal system; civil service, postal service, and census; and self-government of its territories.
  2. Describe Historical Origins Write a paragraph that describes the historical origins of Judaism and Christianity and their development of monotheism. Include information about the traditions of both religions. What was the Roman attitude toward monotheism?
  3. Explain Impacts Write a paragraph explaining how the fall of Rome impacted Western Europe and why it is seen as an important event in Western Europe. Consider such things as Rome's status before its decline, and military, economic, and social reasons.
  4. Identify Diffusion of Major Ideas Write a paragraph that describes how the diffusion of mathematics and technology in classical Rome benefited its empire. Consider how mathematics and technology were used in practical ways, and the quality of engineering constructions.
  5. Compare the Factors Make a chart that lists factors that contributed to the fall of the Han Dynasty and the Roman empire. Then write a paragraph summarizing the reasons for the fall of the Han dynasty in China and of the Roman empire. Consider the size of the empires, the role of the military, economic issues, and political and social unrest. What similarities do you see?
  6. Describe Major Effects of Events Using the map below and information from the lessons, describe the major effects of the decline and fall of the Roman empire and its impact on Western Europe. Who divided the Roman empire and why? How did this division affect the Western Roman empire? How did Constantinople became the center of power and change the course of European history?
  7. Write an essay on the Essential Question: What makes a government successful? Use evidence from your study of this Topic to support your answer.

A map shows the division of the Roman empire, circa A D 284.
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Table of Contents

World History Topic 1 Origins of Civilization (Prehistory–300 B.C.) Topic 2 The Ancient Middle East and Egypt (3200 B.C.–500 B.C.) Topic 3 Ancient India and China (2600 B.C.–A.D. 550) Topic 4 The Americas (Prehistory–A.D. 1570) Topic 5 Ancient Greece (1750 B.C.–133 B.C.) Topic 6 Ancient Rome and the Origins of Christianity (509 B.C.-A.D. 476) Topic 7 Medieval Christian Europe (330–1450) Topic 8 The Muslim World and Africa (730 B.C.-A.D. 1500) Topic 9 Civilizations of Asia (500–1650) Topic 10 The Renaissance and Reformation (1300–1650) Topic 11 New Global Connections (1415–1796) Topic 12 Absolutism and Revolution Topic 13 The Industrial Revolution Topic 14 Nationalism and the Spread of Democracy (1790–1914) Topic 15 The Age of Imperialism (1800–1914) Topic 16 World War I and the Russian Revolution (1914–1924) Topic 17 The World Between the Wars (1910–1939) Topic 18 World War II (1930–1945) Topic 19 The Cold War Era (1945–1991) Topic 20 New Nations Emerge (1945–Present) Topic 21 The World Today (1980-Present) United States Constitution Primary Sources 21st Century Skills Atlas Glossary Index Acknowledgments