Infographic titles the Greek legacy, reprinted for assessment section.
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  1. Summarize Development Write a paragraph, using the chart above and information from the lessons, to summarize how the rule of law has developed from ancient Greece to the modern era. Consider the culture, the concepts of citizenship, and the importance of democracy, all in ancient Greece and modern times.
  2. Analyze Architecture Write a paragraph describing an example of ancient Greek architecture and explaining how it reflects the beliefs and values of the era. Consider the objective of a building, the connection of a building to cultural values, and the role of gods and religion in Greek life.
  3. Identify the Contribution of Scientists; Interpret Written Presentations Write a paragraph identifying how the observations of Eratosthenes described in the excerpt below led to his notable contribution to science. Consider what Eratosthenes is known to have discovered and how his findings are still relevant today.

    “Eratosthenes used Aristotle's idea that, if the Earth was round, distant stars in the night sky would appear at different positions to observers at different latitudes. Eratosthenes knew that on the first day of summer, the Sun passed directly overhead at Syene, Egypt. At midday of the same day, he measured the angular displacement of the Sun from overhead at the city of Alexandria—5000 stadia away from Syene.”

    from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration

  4. Identify the Origin and Diffusion of Major Ideas Write a paragraph identifying the origin of major ideas in science and technology in ancient Greece, how they were used, and how they were spread to other cultures. Consider the contributions of Archimedes, the contributions of Hippocrates, and how both their ideas spread to other cultures.
  5. Identify Contributions of Scientists Write a paragraph explaining how the ideas of Pythagoras contributed to ancient Greece and are still relevant to modern society. Consider his specific contributions, his influence on thought in ancient Greece, and applications of his contributions in modern times.
  6. Summarize and Analyze the Origins of Western Institutions Write a paragraph that analyzes how government in Greek city-states formed the basis for modern democracy found in Western civilizations. Consider the evolution of Greek government from a monarchy to a direct democracy, reforms introduced by leaders Solon and Cleisthenes, reforms introduced by Pericles in Athens, and the democratic process in the United States today.

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Table of Contents

World History Topic 1 Origins of Civilization (Prehistory–300 B.C.) Topic 2 The Ancient Middle East and Egypt (3200 B.C.–500 B.C.) Topic 3 Ancient India and China (2600 B.C.–A.D. 550) Topic 4 The Americas (Prehistory–A.D. 1570) Topic 5 Ancient Greece (1750 B.C.–133 B.C.) Topic 6 Ancient Rome and the Origins of Christianity (509 B.C.-A.D. 476) Topic 7 Medieval Christian Europe (330–1450) Topic 8 The Muslim World and Africa (730 B.C.-A.D. 1500) Topic 9 Civilizations of Asia (500–1650) Topic 10 The Renaissance and Reformation (1300–1650) Topic 11 New Global Connections (1415–1796) Topic 12 Absolutism and Revolution Topic 13 The Industrial Revolution Topic 14 Nationalism and the Spread of Democracy (1790–1914) Topic 15 The Age of Imperialism (1800–1914) Topic 16 World War I and the Russian Revolution (1914–1924) Topic 17 The World Between the Wars (1910–1939) Topic 18 World War II (1930–1945) Topic 19 The Cold War Era (1945–1991) Topic 20 New Nations Emerge (1945–Present) Topic 21 The World Today (1980-Present) United States Constitution Primary Sources 21st Century Skills Atlas Glossary Index Acknowledgments