Topic 4 Assessment

  1. Compare Major Economic Developments Using the graph below and what you have learned in this topic, write a paragraph explaining the role of geography and economic policies in the size of the Maya, Inca, and Aztec civilizations. Consider types of economic systems, trade, and wealth. How did economic policies contribute to the overall size of each civilization?

    Graph with no title. Y axis has horizontal bars labeled Inca, Aztec, and Maya. X axis is labeled square miles and ranges from 0 to 1 million in increments of 200,000. Inca bar has a value of approximately 770,000, Aztec bar has a value of approximately 90,000, Maya bar has a value of approximately 120,000.

  2. Compare Social Developments Look at the graph above and the chart below. Then, write a paragraph describing how the geography of ancient Mesoamerica and South America influenced the Maya, Inca, and Aztec people. Consider the size of each empire, what events caused each empire to decline, what role geography played in the decline of each empire, and why the Spanish soldiers played a role in one decline but not the others.

    Governing structure loosely organized city-states rulers and nobles divine ruler
    Reason for the decline abandoned cities rebellion and the Spanish invasion civil war
  3. Compare the Major Political Developments Write a paragraph to compare the major political developments of the Maya, Inca, and Aztec civilizations. Consider the types of leaders in each civilization, the role of nobles, and how each empire was unified. What similarities and differences existed in how the Maya, Inca, and Aztec civilizations were ruled?
  4. Compare Major Cultural Developments Write a paragraph that compares the economic systems of the Maya, Inca, and Aztec civilizations. Consider how the Maya, Inca, and Aztec empires expanded, how people met their basic needs, and how the Maya, Inca, and Aztec empires acquired wealth.
  5. Compare Major Economic Developments and Create Graphs Read the passage below. Write a paragraph describing the major economic developments of the Maya, Inca, and Aztec civilizations that includes farming methods, trade, and taxes. Create a basic graph showing trends over time that represents the relationship between the geography of the Yucatán Peninsula and the economic development of the Maya civilization.

    “The first Americans faced a variety of environments in which they could settle. For example, great mountain chains—the Rockies, the eastern and western Sierra Madre, and the Andes—dominate the western Americas.

    In Mesoamerica, Neolithic people cultivated a range of crops, including beans, sweet potatoes, peppers, tomatoes, squash, and maize—the Native American name for corn. People in South America cultivated crops such as maize and cassava and domesticated llamas and other animals valued for their wool. By 3000 B.C. in parts of South America and 1500 B.C. in parts of Mesoamerica, farmers had settled in villages. Populations then expanded, and some villages eventually grew into the great early cities of the Americas.”

  6. Summarize Major Ideas Write a paragraph that summarizes how the Inca use of the quipu demonstrated their understanding of major ideas in mathematics. Consider how the Inca recorded numbers, how the Inca advanced their scientific and astronomical knowledge, and how the Inca kept records with no written language.

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Table of Contents

World History Topic 1 Origins of Civilization (Prehistory–300 B.C.) Topic 2 The Ancient Middle East and Egypt (3200 B.C.–500 B.C.) Topic 3 Ancient India and China (2600 B.C.–A.D. 550) Topic 4 The Americas (Prehistory–A.D. 1570) Topic 5 Ancient Greece (1750 B.C.–133 B.C.) Topic 6 Ancient Rome and the Origins of Christianity (509 B.C.-A.D. 476) Topic 7 Medieval Christian Europe (330–1450) Topic 8 The Muslim World and Africa (730 B.C.-A.D. 1500) Topic 9 Civilizations of Asia (500–1650) Topic 10 The Renaissance and Reformation (1300–1650) Topic 11 New Global Connections (1415–1796) Topic 12 Absolutism and Revolution Topic 13 The Industrial Revolution Topic 14 Nationalism and the Spread of Democracy (1790–1914) Topic 15 The Age of Imperialism (1800–1914) Topic 16 World War I and the Russian Revolution (1914–1924) Topic 17 The World Between the Wars (1910–1939) Topic 18 World War II (1930–1945) Topic 19 The Cold War Era (1945–1991) Topic 20 New Nations Emerge (1945–Present) Topic 21 The World Today (1980-Present) United States Constitution Primary Sources 21st Century Skills Atlas Glossary Index Acknowledgments