[ Photography ]

001, Bettmann/CORBIS; 002, MELBA PHOTO AGENCY/Alamy; 004, Kenneth Garrett/Getty Images; 005, AP Photo/Sayyid Azim; 006, James Quine/Alamy; 009, The Art Archive/SuperStock; 010, National Geographic Image Collection/Alamy; 011B, Chris Howes/Wild Places Photography/Alamy; 011T, Eddie Gerald/Alamy; 014, Egyptian/Getty Images; 016, Robert Harding World Imagery/Corbis; 018, Julian Money-Kyrle/Alamy; 019, Private Collection/© Look and Learn/Bridgeman Images; 022, PhotoStock-Israel/Alamy; 023, Harappan/National Museum of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan/Photo © Luca Tettoni/Bridgeman Images; 024, Larry Lilac/Alamy; 026, Mary Evans Picture Library/Alamy; 028, ZUMA Press, Inc./Alamy; 031, Heritage Image Partnership Ltd./Alamy; 032, DEA/M. CARRIERI/De Agostini/Getty Images; 034B, INTERFOTO/Alamy; 034T, INTERFOTO/Alamy; 037B, Adam Eastland Art + Architecture/Alamy; 040, ArtPix/Alamy; 042B, Eddie Gerald/Alamy; 042T, Jozef sedmak/Alamy; 046, Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy; 050B, SuperStock/Alamy; 050T, World History Archive/Alamy; 051B, Roger Wood/Corbis; 052, Jose Ignacio Soto/Shutterstock; 053, 300dpi/Shutterstock; 055, Pius Lee/Shutterstock; 057, Incamerastock/Alamy; 508, Pius Lee/Shutterstock; 060, Ke Wang/Shutterstock; 062, DEA/A DAGLI ORTI/Age Fotostock; 064, Anonymous/ASSOCIATED PRESS; 065, DEA PICTURE LIBRARY/De Agostini Editore/Age Fotostock; 067, Dinodia Photos/Alamy; 069, University of East Anglia, Norfolk, UK/Robert and Lisa Sainsbury Collection/The Bridgeman Art Library; 070, Pitchaya Thammasamisorn/Alamy; 071, Gianni Dagli Orti/The Art Archive at Art Resource, NY; 072, Ivan Nesterov/Alamy; 075, Borromeo/Art Resource, NY; 076B, Ephotocorp/Alamy; 076T, Mary Evans Picture Library/Alamy; 078, Private Collection/The Stapleton Collection/The Bridgeman Art Library; 079, Dinodia/The Image Works; 080, SCPhotos/Alamy; 081, The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Image source/Art Resource, NY; 082, V&A Images, London/Art Resource, NY; 084, SSPL/The Image Works; 085, BnF, Dist. RMN-Grand Palais/Art Resource, NY; 086, DoctorKan/Shutterstock; 087B, Bibliotheque Municipale, Poitiers, France/Giraudon/The Bridgeman Art Library; 087T, The Art Archive at Art Resource, NY; 088, LCM NW/Alamy; 089, BL/Robana/Age Fotostock; 090B, Private Collection/Look and Learn/The Bridgeman Art Library; 090T, Erich Lessing/Art Resource, NY; 091B, Snark/Art Resource, NY; 091T, Lapas77/Fotolia; 093B, Asian Art & Archaeology, Inc/CORBIS; 093T, National Museum, Seoul, Korea/The Bridgeman Art Library; 094, SSPL/The Image Works; 095, Dorling Kindersley ltd/Alamy; 098, LCM NW/Alamy; 100, Afterdan/Fotolia; 102, DeA Picture Library/Art Resource, NY; 104B, Danita Delimont/Alamy; 104T, Zbiq/Shutterstock; 106B, Richard Maschmeyer/Robert Harding Picture Library/SuperStock; 106T, Jess Kraft/Shutterstock; 109B, Gianni Dagli Orti/The Art Archive at Art Resource, NY; 109T, Akg - images/The Image Works; 110, De Agostini Picture Library/Getty Images; 111, Mark Green/Alamy; 112, Lordprice Collection/Alamy; 113, Kelsey Green/Shutterstock; 116, Robert Shantz/Alamy; 118B, Richard A. Cooke/CORBIS; 118T, Ira Block/National Geographic/SuperStock; 124, Drimi/Fotolia; 126, ImageBROKER/Alamy; 127, Leonid Serebrennikov/Alamy; 129, De Agostini Picture L/Age Fotostock; 131, Peter Phipp/; 133, Ancient Art & Architecture Collection Ltd/Alamy; 134B, De Agostini Picture Library/L. Pedicini/Bridgeman Images; 134T, Lescourret, Jean-Pierre/SuperStock/Alamy; 136B, Louvre, Paris, France/Bridgeman Images; 136T, Bpk, Berlin/Art Resource, NY; 137, Steve Vidler/SuperStock; 138, EmmePi Images/Alamy; 140B, Scala/Art Resource, NY; 140T, Erich Lessing/Art Resource, NY; 141, bpk, Berlin/Art Resource, NY; 142, Vanni Archiv/Art Resource, NY; 144B, Vidler/Age Fotostock; 144T, Alinari/Art Resource, NY; 145B, Erich Lessing/Art Resource, NY; 145T, Antikensammlung, Kassel, Germany/© Museumslandschaft Hessen Kassel/Ute Brunzel/Bridgeman Images; 146, Nimatallah/Art Resource, NY; 148, PRISMA ARCHIVO/Alamy; 150, Album/Art Resource, NY; 151B, World History Archive/Alamy; 151T, De Agostini Picture Library/G. Costa/The Bridgeman Art Library; 156, Fazon/Fotolia; 162, Album/Art Resource, NY; 163, RMN-Grand Palais/Art Resource, NY; 164, H. Motte/Mansell/The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images; 165B, The Bridgeman Art Library; 165T, RMN-Grand Palais/Art Resource, NY; 171B, North Wind Picture Archives/Alamy; 171T, Erich Lessing/Art Resource, NY; 173, Adam Eastland Art + Architecture/Alamy; 174B, Giraudon/The Bridgeman Art Library; 174T, MCLA Collection/Alamy; 175, Erich Lessing/Art Resource, NY; 176B, Erich Lessing/Art Resource, NY; 176T, Alan Williams/Dorling Kindersley; 177, Ivy Close Images/Alamy; 178, Martin Froyda/Shutterstock; 179, Alfredo Dagli Orti/The Art Archive at Art Resource, NY; 180, Hemis/Alamy; 182B, Richard Goodrich/Alamy; 182T, Scala/Art Resource, NY; 184, Gianni Dagli Orti/The Art Archive at Art Resource, NY; 188, Claudio Giovanni Colombo/Shutterstock; 190, Chronicle/Alamy; 194, North Wind Picture Archives/Alamy; 197, Pantheon/SuperStock; 198, Private Collection/Index/Bridgeman Images; 199, Stefano Bianchetti/Corbis; 200, North Wind Picture Archives/Alamy; 203, North Wind Picture Archives/Alamy; 204, Gianni Dagli Orti/Corbis; 206, Stefano Bianchetti/Corbis; 208, Florilegius/Alamy; 211, North Wind Picture Archives/The Image Works; 214B, Bridgeman Images; 214T, Bettmann/Corbis; 215B, North Wind Picture Archives/Alamy; 215T, Bridgeman Images; 216, French School/Getty Images; 218, Mary Evans Picture Library/The Image Works; 220, 19th era 2/Alamy; 221, UniversalImagesGroup/Contributor/Getty Images; 222, GL Archive/Alamy; 223B, 19th era/Alamy; 223T, The Art Gallery Collection/Alamy; 224, DEA PICTURE LIBRARY/Contributor/Getty Images; 226, British Library Board/Robana/Art Resource, NY; 228B, World History Archive/Alamy; 228T, Ivy Close Images/Alamy; 231, De Agostini Picture Library/Getty Images; 233, Peter Anderson/DK Images; 234B, Tarker/Corbis; 234T, The Art Gallery Collection/Alamy; 235B, Italian School/The Bridgeman Art Library/Getty Images; 235T, Mary Evans Picture Library/Alamy; 236B, S.Borisov/Shutterstock; 236T, Ben Ramos/Alamy; 237, Dmitry Kalinovsky/Shutterstock; 239, Corbis; 240, PRISMA ARCHIVO/Alamy; 241B, Georgios Kollidas/Shutterstock; 241T, Chronicle/Alamy; 244, Erich Lessing/Art Resource, NY; 245B, Ivan Vdovin/Alamy; 245T, AlxYago/Shutterstock; 246, INTERFOTO/Alamy; 249B, Album/Oronoz/Album/SuperStock; 249T, Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy; 251B, Eye Ubiquitous/Alamy; 251T, Album/Prisma/Album/SuperStock; 256, Tupungato/Shutterstock; 258, Universal Images Group/Art Resource, NY; 259B, EPA european pressphoto agency b.v./Alamy; 259T, Historical image collection by Bildagentur-online/Alamy; 260B, GFC Collection/Alamy; 260T, Mido Semsem/Shutterstock; 261B, Robert Harding Picture Library Ltd/Alamy; 261T, Roland and Sabrina Michaud/akg-images; 263, Index/Bridgeman Images; 264B, Atif Saeed/Alamy; 264T, Robert Harding World Imagery/Alamy; 266, Album/Oronoz/Album/SuperStock; 267B, Age Fotostock/SuperStock; 267T, The Trustees of the British Museum/Art Resource, NY; 268, Sheila Terry/Science Source; 271, Werner Forman/TopFoto/The Image Works; 273B, Ton Koene/Alamy; 273T, Persis Alan King/Alamy; 274B, The Art Archive/Alamy; 274T, World Religions Photo Library/Alamy; 275, PRISMA ARCHIVO/Alamy; 276, Sonia Halliday Photographs/Alamy; 278, Historimages Collection/Yolanda Perera Sánchez/Alamy; 279, INTERFOTO/Alamy; 280B, Chronicle/Alamy; 280T, Bora/Alamy; 282, PRISMA ARCHIVO/Alamy; 283, Photo Mere Travel 3/Alamy; 284, John Warburton Lee/SuperStock; 285, Jon Bower- art and museums/Alamy; 287, Phoenician traders in Africa, McBride, Angus (1931–2007)/Private Collection/Look and Learn/The Bridgeman Art Library; 288, Akg-Images; 290, Jose Ignacio Soto; 293, Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy; 294, Stefan Auth/imagebroker/Alamy; 297B, John Warburton Lee/SuperStock; 297T, Gavin Hellier/Robert Harding Picture Library Ltd/Alamy; 299, Robert Holmes/Corbis; 300, Robert Harding Picture Library Ltd/Alamy; 301B, Imagebroker/Alamy; 301T, Ceremonial wine bowl/Werner Forman Archive/The Bridgeman Art Library; 302, The Art Archive/Alamy; 303, Age fotostock/Alamy; 308, Jorg Hackemann/Shutterstock; 310, Mughal School/Getty Images; 312B, Jon Bower Oxford/Alamy; 312T, Dinodia/The Image Works; 313, Dinodia Photos/Alamy; 314, Peter Cook/DK Images; 316, British Library/Robana via Getty Images; 317B, The Art Archive/Superstock; 317T, Image Asset Management Ltd./Alamy; 318B, Werner Forman/Art Resource, NY; 318T, Carlos Amarillo/Shutterstock; 319, The Art Gallery Collection/Alamy; 320, Werner Forman/Art Resource, NY; 323, Art Resource, NY; 325B, Ancient Art & Architecture Collection Ltd/Alamy; 325T, North Wind Picture Archives/Alamy; 326T, GL Archive/Alamy; 327B, Heritage Image Partnership Ltd/Alamy; 327T, Kharbine-Tapabor/The Art Archive at Art Resource, NY; 330, Dallas and John Heaton/Travel Pictures/Alamy; 332, Rick Browne/Photo Researchers, Inc; 334, Peter Horree/Alamy; 336, SeanPavonePhoto/Fotolia; 337B, Doug Steley A/Alamy; 337T, Japanese School, (17th century)/Detroit Institute of Arts, USA/The Bridgeman Art Library; 338, Werner Forman/Art Resource, NY; 339B, Culver Pictures, Inc./SuperStock; 339T, Nichiren summoning the divine Shinpu wind to destroy the Mongol-Chinese fleet attacking Japan in 13th century (engraving), Kuniyoshi, Utagawa (1798-1861)/Private Collection/Ancient Art and Architecture Collection Ltd./The Bridgeman Art Library; 340B, Pietro Scozzari/Getty Images; 340T, Japanese School, (17th century)/Brooklyn Museum of Art, New York, USA/Gift of W. W. Hoffman/The Bridgeman Art Library; 341, Ashmolean Museum, University of Oxford, UK/Purchased with the aid of the National Art Collections Fund/and the Victoria and Albert Fund/The Bridgeman images; 341B,

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Table of Contents

World History Topic 1 Origins of Civilization (Prehistory–300 B.C.) Topic 2 The Ancient Middle East and Egypt (3200 B.C.–500 B.C.) Topic 3 Ancient India and China (2600 B.C.–A.D. 550) Topic 4 The Americas (Prehistory–A.D. 1570) Topic 5 Ancient Greece (1750 B.C.–133 B.C.) Topic 6 Ancient Rome and the Origins of Christianity (509 B.C.-A.D. 476) Topic 7 Medieval Christian Europe (330–1450) Topic 8 The Muslim World and Africa (730 B.C.-A.D. 1500) Topic 9 Civilizations of Asia (500–1650) Topic 10 The Renaissance and Reformation (1300–1650) Topic 11 New Global Connections (1415–1796) Topic 12 Absolutism and Revolution Topic 13 The Industrial Revolution Topic 14 Nationalism and the Spread of Democracy (1790–1914) Topic 15 The Age of Imperialism (1800–1914) Topic 16 World War I and the Russian Revolution (1914–1924) Topic 17 The World Between the Wars (1910–1939) Topic 18 World War II (1930–1945) Topic 19 The Cold War Era (1945–1991) Topic 20 New Nations Emerge (1945–Present) Topic 21 The World Today (1980-Present) United States Constitution Primary Sources 21st Century Skills Atlas Glossary Index Acknowledgments