Enduring Understandings

  • The Maya developed individual and powerful city-states, built towering buildings from stone, and made advances in mathematics and astronomy.
  • In Mexico, the Aztecs built a large empire under a single ruler and used their knowledge of mathematics and astronomy to develop calendars.
  • The most powerful civilization in the South American Andes was the Inca civilization, which had a well-organized society led by an all-powerful ruler.
  • Native North Americans lived in places with very different landforms, weather, and vegetation, and each group developed a culture and a way of life that matched its resources.
Video screenshot with play button centered over Machu Picchu settlement in aerial view, being visited by modern tourists.

Watch the My Story Video

to learn about the story of Emperor Pachacuti.

End ofPage 101

Table of Contents

World History Topic 1 Origins of Civilization (Prehistory–300 B.C.) Topic 2 The Ancient Middle East and Egypt (3200 B.C.–500 B.C.) Topic 3 Ancient India and China (2600 B.C.–A.D. 550) Topic 4 The Americas (Prehistory–A.D. 1570) Topic 5 Ancient Greece (1750 B.C.–133 B.C.) Topic 6 Ancient Rome and the Origins of Christianity (509 B.C.-A.D. 476) Topic 7 Medieval Christian Europe (330–1450) Topic 8 The Muslim World and Africa (730 B.C.-A.D. 1500) Topic 9 Civilizations of Asia (500–1650) Topic 10 The Renaissance and Reformation (1300–1650) Topic 11 New Global Connections (1415–1796) Topic 12 Absolutism and Revolution Topic 13 The Industrial Revolution Topic 14 Nationalism and the Spread of Democracy (1790–1914) Topic 15 The Age of Imperialism (1800–1914) Topic 16 World War I and the Russian Revolution (1914–1924) Topic 17 The World Between the Wars (1910–1939) Topic 18 World War II (1930–1945) Topic 19 The Cold War Era (1945–1991) Topic 20 New Nations Emerge (1945–Present) Topic 21 The World Today (1980-Present) United States Constitution Primary Sources 21st Century Skills Atlas Glossary Index Acknowledgments